Karma is one of the well-known testing framework. One of the exceptional features of Karma is that it allows the developers to test run the program in real eco-system. Any product that is developed on Angular JS can be subjected to test run on browsers and phones. It is comparatively easier to spot the glitches and carryout the debugging process. It support all kinds of testing that includes E2E, midway and unit testing. To utilize the socket IO it interacts with the dynamic program.
Irrespective of what it brings to the table, it is a tool with cool name to it. For content creation it uses Django and angular. Hence it is not necessary for the developers to integrate each project with Django. It also allows you create a consistent content structure by creating different name scrapes. Top notch app security can be provided with Djangular as CSPF protection.
NGx Rest Angular makes data fetching very easy. From Restful API you can plan to build angular built apps. If there is requirement of unique response from the server it allows the developer to specify custom HTTP methods. There is also a possibility to define names of URLs, and make use of the nested Restful entities too. General requests such as GET, POST, DELETE and UPDATE without nay hassles. You can be assured that you will not be facing difficulties while sending requests to different servers and servers.
Protractor is without a doubt one of the popular and widely used tool in Angular JS. It is a testing framework. It offers a whole solution for end to end testing for Angular JS apps. It has a very different functioning. It automatically syncs the web pages and runs the test immediately after the completion of one page. It is important to point out that it offers real time experience to the developers.
Angular fire has positioned itself to be a very reliable backend development tool. If you want to develop an application with Angular JS, this would be ideal choice for you. It also brings you an active Angular IDE in the relevance. Even though there are numerous benefits there are three benefits that stand out from the rest. They are flexible API, 3-way data binding and rapid development capabilities. These are not just mere advantages. It contributes by providing the developer a comfortable environment.
Angular is a light weight grid comparing to most of the other grids for Angular JS. The main purpose of this tool is code instructions. The directive of this toll does not need to rely on the visual representations. Angular Deckgrid uses CSS file for receiving visual representation.
Mean is one of the most commonly used Angular JS tools. It functions as a boiler plate in different platforms. Some of the other platforms where this tool is commonly used include Mango DB, Node JS, and Express. Mean consists of a set of preconfigured modules. Some of them include Mongoose and Passport useful to majority of the developers.
The main use of Sublime Text editor is the test code generation for any web page or an application. When it comes to text editor it leads the race and it the most preferred by the majority of the developers across the world. It is an exceptional source code editor with the Python Application programming interface. It also has the facility to edit the codes in two locations of a particular file. There is an option for split screen editing that accelerates the coding process. It can be companied with Angular for source code editing. There are some particular features in the tools that make the IDE preferred by many developers. Some of the other worth mentioning feature includes instant project switch, cross-platform and split editing.
These above mentioned tools have their own set of strengths. They are unique in their own way and is quite popular among the front end developer community. If you feel that there are tools that are worthy to be included in the list please does mention it in the comments. At the end of the day it is all about perspectives and preferences.
What is JS Framework?
In simple words a framework is an abstraction. A framework can be changed with the additionally written code by the user. Using the codes their functions can be changed according to the convenience of the user. They play a very important role in front end development process for designing sites and web applications.
It would not be an understatement to say that React JS is one of the favorites for front end developers. If you want to build an application or a page with reactive approach, React JS would be the ideal choice. React brought in something new to front end development as it had a unique way of approaching things. Some of the basic aspects that you need to master to use React are JSX, component based architecture, and single direction data flow. Flux implements the single direction data flow.
Vue JS was developed in the year 2016. Even though it is the new kid in the block Vue JS has a considerable penetration when it comes to front end development. Within a short span of time Vue JS has a proved its worth to all the front end developers in the world. It offers a wide range of features. Some of it that deserves a special mention dual integration mode. It comes in handy while creating a high-end SPA or even a single page application for that matter. It is one of the most preferred when it comes to cross platform development.
Ember JS has a diverse application potential. Its foray into the market was in the year 2015. One of the important aspects of Ember JS is that it supports two ay data binding system. Hence handling complicated User Interface will not be an issue. It is a boon for professionals who are involved in UI/UX process. Many popular sites were developed using Ember.js. To name a few LinkedIn, Nordstorm and a lot more.
Meteor is quiet popular as it has the potential to handle all the significant portions of software development. Meteor is majorly used to carry out some of the important processes in backend development, database management and a lot more. In terms of front end development it is one of the best when it comes to rendering.
As long as technology has been existing and as long as it will continue to influence our daily life, there will always be some constant rivalry. Some of these rivalries might not make sense from a deep technical perspective but for a user and the utility that the technology provides, there can always be a rivalry between two completely unrelated technologies. One such rivalry that has existed for a considerable amount of time and holds relevant even today is the one between ASP.net and PHP.
It is quite known that ASP.net is our server-side web application framework developed by Microsoft. PHP, on the other hand, is a server-side scripting language that is designed for web development. ASP.net allows developers to build dynamic web applications end it also helps programmers by providing a development platform that helps build dynamic web pages.
PHP can be effectively utilized for building e-commerce websites that need dynamic content and deep analytical data like session tracking. Let us look at a bit in detail about both of these sides of the totem pole.
PHP started as a small open source project but it has evolved in terms of utility and user base in recent years. There are a lot of popular databases that can flawlessly integrate with the PHP code. PHP supports a wide range of protocols like POP3, IMAP, and LDAP. Since PHP is supported by a large community, it gives access to a lot of free and open-source libraries. It is Internet aware and it has built-in modules for accessing FTP servers.
There are a few key differences that differentiate ASP.net and PHP.
- ASP.net was created by Microsoft whereas PHP was a small server-side scripting language created by a programmer Rasmus Lerdorf.
- ASP.net is generally used for enterprise-level applications for medium to large businesses. PHP was used to create small scale web solutions.
- Although ASP.net is open-source, there is a license cost that is attached to utilizing the solution. However, PHP is completely free to use and it also gives access to a lot of code libraries.
- ASP.net solutions are extremely secure. In fact, since it is about enterprise solutions, ASP.net focuses on security and functionalities. PHP focuses on creating a robust and interactive user interface and is client-facing.
- ASP.net has a dedicated community of developers. PHP might have a large community but they are mostly pro-open-source and might have their focus on multiple technologies.
- ASP.net boasts of good speeds and is suited for desktop applications. PHP, on the other hand, it’s not fast enough for desktop applications.
- The rigidity of ASP.net renders it less flexible and customizable. PHP is extremely customizable but on the flip side, the extent of customization allowed by PHP makes it vulnerable to bugs.
From the points given above, it is clear that comparing ASP.net and PHP is a comparison between apples and oranges. However, it cannot be denied that both of them are fruitful in their own ways, pun intended. Depending on the size of the organization, the requirements of security, the way in which you will be approaching your users, whether or not you will need a desktop application, and above everything, your requirement for customization can help you decide on what technology you should opt-in for!
The good news is that there are a lot of companies that are dedicated to developing applications in both these technologies. You can get in touch with an expert consultant to understand which technology would best suit your requirements. Based on reviews from the sites that list the best companies for ASP.net development and PHP development, you can make your decision of choosing the right development partner!
Ever since the beginning of technology, there has always been a quest to complicate things. These complications result in better utility and every line of code has its own importance that cannot be replaced. There are developers who are on a constant request to update their knowledge so that they can build more robust applications that are rich in features.
Mithril’s documentation is one of the best advantages brought to amateur coders. Instead of forcing implementations on the developer, it puts the reliance on the developers themselves.
What is SEO?
Search engine optimisation is the art and science of ranking your web page on the top of the search results for relevant searches on search engines like Google and Bing. All the search engines use a combination of techniques to determine which web page should be listed first for a particular search query. There are a lot of parameters including but not limited to the content, the code, and the number of links from external sites that point to one particular site. The external links acts as democratic factors in determining the value and popularity of a page.
How Does It Happen?
When a new page is created, the search engine spiders crawl the web page and take a note of the URL and the code. The code is then processed and it is stored as meta data which contains information about the theme of the content on the web page. After all the information is taken, it is indexed on servers, ready to be presented as a search results.
The Way Out
Pre-rendering basically tells search engines that this is the content that will be displayed to the user after a certain pattern of interaction takes place. In essence, you are revealing to the search engine what the user is likely to experience. This might not affect the user in anyway! You retain the way in which a user interacts with your page but at the same time, inform search engines about what the pages!
It is quite known that the heaviness of the page also contributes negatively when it comes to the performance on search engines. Therefore, it is important to keep your web page as light as possible, irrespective of the technology that you have used to build your mobile app.
Server-side web frameworks (a.k.a. “web application frameworks”) are software frameworks that make it easier to write, maintain and scale web applications. They provide tools and libraries that simplify common web development tasks, including routing URLs to appropriate handlers, interacting with databases, supporting sessions and user authorization, formatting output (e.g. HTML, JSON, XML), and improving security against web attacks.
The next section provides a bit more detail about how web frameworks can ease web application development. We then explain some of the criteria you can use for choosing a web framework, and then list some of your options.
What can a web framework do for you?
Web frameworks provide tools and libraries to simplify common web development operations. You don’t have to use a server-side web framework, but it is strongly advised — it will make your life a lot easier.
This section discusses some of the functionality that is often provided by web frameworks (not every framework will necessarily provide all of these features!).
Work directly with HTTP requests and responses
As we saw in the last article, web servers and browsers communicate via the HTTP protocol — servers wait for HTTP requests from the browser and then return information in HTTP responses. Web frameworks allow you to write simplified syntax that will generate server-side code to work with these requests and responses. This means that you will have an easier job, interacting with easier, higher-level code rather than lower level networking primitives.
Most sites will provide a number of different resources, accessible through distinct URLs. Handling these all in one function would be hard to maintain, so web frameworks provide simple mechanisms to map URL patterns to specific handler functions. This approach also has benefits in terms of maintenance, because you can change the URL used to deliver a particular feature without having to change the underlying code.
Data can be encoded in an HTTP request in a number of ways. An HTTP GET request to get files or data from the server may encode what data is required in URL parameters or within the URL structure. An HTTP POST request to update a resource on the server will instead include the update information as “POST data” within the body of the request. The HTTP request may also include information about the current session or user in a client-side cookie.
Websites use databases to store information both to be shared with users, and about users. Web frameworks often provide a database layer that abstracts database read, write, query, and delete operations. This abstraction layer is referred to as an Object-Relational Mapper (ORM).
Using an ORM has two benefits:
You can replace the underlying database without necessarily needing to change the code that uses it. This allows developers to optimize for the characteristics of different databases based on their usage.
Basic validation of data can be implemented within the framework. This makes it easier and safer to check that data is stored in the correct type of database field, has the correct format (e.g. an email address), and isn’t malicious in any way (crackers can use certain patterns of code to do bad things such as deleting database records).
Web frameworks often provide templating systems. These allow you to specify the structure of an output document, using placeholders for data that will be added when a page is generated. Templates are often used to create HTML, but can also create other types of document.
Web frameworks often provide a mechanism to make it easy to generate other formats from stored data, including JSON and XML.
MVC frameworks can be implemented quickly and combined with manually-written code that introduces the all-important business logic (the stuff that determines the real-world business rules for such software).
The Model-View-Controller pattern helps developers organise their code in an uncluttered, approachable manner. The three elements can be very simply described as follows:
Model. This represents the underlying structure of data within an application.
View. The user interface – everything that can be seen and interacted with on screen.
Controller. This handles the input from any View element that is interacted with by the user and manipulates the Model accordingly.
By dividing any piece of software into the three interconnected parts above, developers can focus on each element independently while always being mindful of its effect on the other areas of the app.
A great framework for mobile and web app development, consisting of three widgets: UI Web (everything you need to build a modern website), UI Mobile (offers the ability to build mobile web apps that could be mistaken for native apps) and UI DataVis (enables developers to implement beautiful user-facing visualisation of data and reports).
2. Sencha Touch
3. jQuery Mobile
Originally released in 2011, Ember takes cues from Angular when it comes to the ability to create dynamic user-facing elements for web apps. Like Google’s framework, Ember can update the View when the Model changes and vice versa, keeping the mechanics of apps perfectly in sync.
Used by Pinterest, Walmart and Delicious, the Backbone framework is purposefully simple, easy to learn and light on its feet when it comes to deployment. Many developers love the ease with which Backbone.js can be slotted into any project.
A relatively young framework, Aurelia was originally released in January 2015 and can trace its roots back to AngularJS. It is notable for its vast collection of small libraries from which developers can pick and choose without having to implement the entire framework.
Another Google invention, the Polymer framework extends the capabilities of HTML code by using web components. It means that standard HTML5 elements can be customised (for example, <audio> could become <my-audio>).
All the responsiveness is governed by logic. The number of logical statements that need to be executed on the client side is directly proportional to the intensity of interaction on the web page. The volume of the code base grows larger and becomes increasingly difficult to maintain. To counter this, developers introduced model view controller or MVCs. These MVCs deliver a considerable increase in productivity and in the magnitude of ease in maintaining the code.
Backbone.js – it might not be as popular as its counterparts but it does provide models with the keyvalue binding and custom events. It also provides connections and connects it all to your existing API.
AngularJS – by a considerable distance, it is the most popular MVC. It is nothing more than a toolset based on augmenting the vocabulary of HTML for creating your web application.
Agility.js – this MVC helps developers right browser codes that are both maintainable and reusable. It does not involve infrastructural overheads found in other MVC libraries.
Spine – it is a lightweight framework which is beginner friendly with perfect documentation. This makes spine a favourite among novice developers.
Ember.js – this MVC provide templates written and attempted language called Handlebars. It can define the views, controllers, models and router.
Stapes.js – today, no technology can exist if it does not cater to mobiles. This is a tiny framework that aims to fit and integrate into an existing code base. The tiny size makes it ideal for mobile development.
Epitome – it is a MVC framework developed exclusively for MooTools.
rAppid.js – some of the classics cannot be forgotten. This framework lets you encase complexity into specific components that can be used like HTML elements.
Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is a process of structuring and organizing your website to bring a better quality and quantity of traffic to your website by ranking higher in the search engine results, focusing on the specific keywords related to your business. The main aim of performing the SEO process is to gain more visibility on the internet and drive more traffic to your website.
Search engines today rely on crawling the content that is put on your websites. Since this process is automated, it is extremely important that the content is structured and formatted in a manner that is understandable by machines. The SEO process involves optimizing the website performance and also curating the content to provide hints to the search engine crawlers to easily understand your website.
This may sound fairly straightforward, but for websites built on React, this may not always be the case. Let’s have a look at the reasons why.
Challenges with SEO for React Websites
a. The use of React-based Single Page Applications
Since the start of the World Wide Web, websites worked in such a way that the browser needed to request each page completely. To simplify the server generates HTML and sends it back on every request. Even if the next page has a lot of the same elements (menu, sidebar, footer, …), the browser will still ask for the entire new page and re-render everything from the ground up. This causes a redundant information flow and additional stress on the server that needs to fully render each page instead of supplying only the required information.
With the advancement in technologies, the requirement for faster loading times increased. To resolve the issue with the full page loading time, developer communities came up with JS-based Single Page Applications or SPA. These websites do not reload the whole content on the website, instead, they refresh only the content that differs from the current page. Such an application improves the performance of the website drastically as the amount of data being transacted is reduced. One good example of technology that can be used to create SPAs is ReactJS, which is as well optimizing the way the content is rendered on the user’s browser (more about this here).
b. Main SEO issues with SPA
Although SPAs improves the website performance to a considerable extent, there are certain inherent issues in this type of setup when it comes to SEO.
Lack of dynamic SEO tags
An SPA loads the data dynamically in selected segments of the web page. Hence, when a crawler tries to click a particular link, it is not able to detect the complete page load cycle. The metadata of the page which is in place for the Search engine does not get refreshed. As a result, your single page app cannot be seen by the search engine crawler and will be indexed as an empty page, which is not good for SEO purposes.
Programmers can solve this problem by creating separate pages (more often HTML pages) for the search bots, and at the same time work with the Webmaster to discuss how to get the corresponding content indexed. However, this will increase the business expenses owing to the cost of developing additional pages and also make it difficult to rank websites higher on the search engines.
Solutions for SEO of React-based SPA websites
There are 2 major ways to resolve the SEO issues being faced in the React-based SPA websites.
1. Isomorphic React
a. How does Isomorphic React help in SEO?
Today, there is a lot of hue and cry over which technology is the best. There are people rooting for different kinds of scripts and there are developers working day and night to improve upon what is usually considered the best technology to create an app.
However, a lot of businesses, companies and even c-level executives fail to understand the importance and rather, the vitality of user experience and more specifically, the front-end.
Businesses will have to understand that even if the most dynamic, flexible and versatile programming language is used to create the back-end or the under-the-hood features of any application, all these efforts might be rendered futile if not for an interactive, intuitive, and an interesting user interface. Front-end plays a very major role in making or destroying the success of an app.
Designing the front-end that meets the requirements of the user and stands in line with the brand philosophy of the business is quite a difficult confluence to achieve. However, there are a few best practices that can be Inc to ensure that your front end design does not miserably fail. Front-end development companies should take note of these tips and tricks to ensure that they do not compromise in delivering the best front-end design to their clients.
Nothing beats design apps for design
It is to be remembered that when you create a design for a front-end from scratch it should be the creativity that rules and not the code. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you start designing with usual designing applications like Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator. Designing software helps you get it in detail without compromising on the limitations offered by the code. Also, there are chances that the expertise in code might be available somewhere else but the understanding of design might not be. Therefore, it is better to have your design in .PSD. This will also give you enough room to make minor changes that can redefine your design and user experience.
Catch up with the design
The main aim of front-end design is to ensure that everything falls in place and everything together speaks the common brand language. There might be an impressive element that would look extremely eye-catching on a standalone basis. However, it might not fit into the color schemes and the general tone of the other elements involved in the design. Therefore, it is important for you to understand that it is never about elements but about an ecosystem.
Understand the typography
Something as simple as a font makes all the difference in the design. Designers spent quite a lot of time in understanding the fonts, the psychology the emotions it evokes, and the way it connects with users, above everything the way in which it fits with the brand philosophy.
Although it might seem trivial, it is strongly suggested that you spend a lot of time understanding the fact that will go along with your front end. Also, it is important to ensure that while the fonts do not look out of place, it would be good for the funds to look similar but not congruent.
Avoid tunnel vision
Maybe minimalism might be an accepted school of thinking in a lot of ways but it doesn’t essentially with respect to design all the time. It is better not to confine your focus to a single detail. It is rather recommended that you make the focal aspect stand out from the rest of the crowd.
Always think about design as a user-facing aspect than thinking about it as a skill-set of your own. Taking a screenshot of the app or web interface and then designing the elements in accordance with what the user sees would be a good idea to ensure that all the elements involved fall in place!
Define the hierarchy
Just like a human being, it is important to understand the relationships between the elements involved in the grand scheme of design. For a user, it’s just about the app going with their intuitive flow. The front-end designer has the responsibility to understand the psychology of the user and play along, so the users not only find it easy to use the app but also enjoyable.
Tinder is a great example of how a simple novelty in the UI in line with intuitiveness can go a long way. How exciting it is to ‘swipe’ right or left rather than ‘click’ on accept or reject?
Understand white spaces and negative spaces
When it comes to design, there are always spaces where you do nothing but they do convey something – in fact, a lot! It would be a good practice to take care of the white spaces an the negative spaces. It is good to give a declutters and defined look to your app. At the same time, your app shouldn’t be so ‘decluttered’ that it feels empty.
Also, negative spaces can be effectively used to convey a hidden or direct information. The logo of Yoga Australia is an amazing example of how negative spaces can work wonders.
In the words fo Neil Armstrong, it might be one small download for a user but one giant endeavour for the designer. Front-end app development companies need to ensure that all the aspects of design are perfectly understood, so it doesn’t only delight their client, but also the clients of their clients!