Top Javascript Frameworks

As modern web browsers become more powerful, the desire to build full-blown web applications using JavaScript has become increasingly popular. Luckily, the complexity of this programming language has brought with it a range of tools to help custom software developers take full advantage.

Few custom software developers start with a blank screen when building a new app in JavaScript. That’s why, over the last few years, a number of frameworks have been devised that enable people to build deeply functional web applications without having to spend countless hours manually writing routine code.

MVC frameworks can be implemented quickly and combined with manually-written code that introduces the all-important business logic (the stuff that determines the real-world business rules for such software).

What is A JavaScript MVC Framework?

The Model-View-Controller pattern helps developers organise their code in an uncluttered, approachable manner. The three elements can be very simply described as follows:

Model. This represents the underlying structure of data within an application.

View. The user interface – everything that can be seen and interacted with on screen.

Controller. This handles the input from any View element that is interacted with by the user and manipulates the Model accordingly.

By dividing any piece of software into the three interconnected parts above, developers can focus on each element independently while always being mindful of its effect on the other areas of the app.

The Best JavaScript MVC Frameworks

HTML Ajax apps are becoming increasingly sophisticated, but developers need assistance in taking full advantage of modern web browsers. Thankfully, there are a vast range of JavaScript MVC frameworks available. Below, we’ve picked out 10 of the best.

1. Kendo


A great framework for mobile and web app development, consisting of three widgets: UI Web (everything you need to build a modern website), UI Mobile (offers the ability to build mobile web apps that could be mistaken for native apps) and UI DataVis (enables developers to implement beautiful user-facing visualisation of data and reports).

2. Sencha Touch


Sencha is a great user interface JavaScript library that is built specifically for mobile web apps and enables developers to create user experiences that feel like native applications.

3. jQuery Mobile


A cross-platform mobile JavaScript framework, jQuery Mobile is designed to enhance and simplify web app development by integrating HTML5, jQuery, CSS and the jQuery UI into one, single framework. It is robust and satisfyingly well-organised.

4. AngularJS


Considered by many to be the ‘big daddy’ of JavaScript frameworks, due to the fact it was developed by Google. There is a huge developer community behind AngularJS and it excels particularly in supercharging HTML code thanks to its ability to aid the construction of dynamic user interfaces.

5. Ember


Originally released in 2011, Ember takes cues from Angular when it comes to the ability to create dynamic user-facing elements for web apps. Like Google’s framework, Ember can update the View when the Model changes and vice versa, keeping the mechanics of apps perfectly in sync.

6. Backbone


Used by Pinterest, Walmart and Delicious, the Backbone framework is purposefully simple, easy to learn and light on its feet when it comes to deployment. Many developers love the ease with which Backbone.js can be slotted into any project.

7. Meteor


A full end-to-end solution for developing complete web applications purely in JavaScript. Meteor includes tools for everything from the pretty front-end stuff to the functional back end database management and business logic.

8. React


Facebook and Instagram rely on the React JavaScript framework due to its ability to build large applications that are dynamic and can be vastly scaled. React is at its best when rendering complex user interfaces and is rapidly becoming the fastest growing JavaScript framework of the modern age.

9. Aurelia


A relatively young framework, Aurelia was originally released in January 2015 and can trace its roots back to AngularJS. It is notable for its vast collection of small libraries from which developers can pick and choose without having to implement the entire framework.

10. Polymer


Another Google invention, the Polymer framework extends the capabilities of HTML code by using web components. It means that standard HTML5 elements can be customised (for example, <audio> could become <my-audio>).

Top Javascript MVC Framework

Model view controller or MVC has elevated the utility of JavaScript front-end frameworks. JavaScript front-end frameworks minimise the number of communications between the client side and the server side by executing reactions to user actions on the client side itself. It makes use of asynchronous JavaScript across XML, commonly abbreviated as Ajax.

All the responsiveness is governed by logic. The number of logical statements that need to be executed on the client side is directly proportional to the intensity of interaction on the web page. The volume of the code base grows larger and becomes increasingly difficult to maintain. To counter this, developers introduced model view controller or MVCs. These MVCs deliver a considerable increase in productivity and in the magnitude of ease in maintaining the code.

There are a lot of MVCs available in the market. We have compiled below, a list of popular MVCs that are commonly used across multiple JavaScript frameworks

Backbone.js – it might not be as popular as its counterparts but it does provide models with the keyvalue binding and custom events. It also provides connections and connects it all to your existing API.

AngularJS – by a considerable distance, it is the most popular MVC. It is nothing more than a toolset based on augmenting the vocabulary of HTML for creating your web application.

Knockout – it aims to simplify the user interface of JavaScript by implementing the model view view model (MVVM).

Maria – it might seem like quite a strange name for JavaScript framework. It is based on the original definition of a model view controller as it was used in SmallTalk.

Agility.js – this MVC helps developers right browser codes that are both maintainable and reusable. It does not involve infrastructural overheads found in other MVC libraries.

Spine – it is a lightweight framework which is beginner friendly with perfect documentation. This makes spine a favourite among novice developers.

Ember.js – this MVC provide templates written and attempted language called Handlebars. It can define the views, controllers, models and router.

Sammy.js – JavaScript does not limit itself to framework but it can also be used to develop applications. Sammy.js is a small JavaScript framework that is designed to provide the basic infrastructure for developing JavaScript apps.

Stapes.js – today, no technology can exist if it does not cater to mobiles. This is a tiny framework that aims to fit and integrate into an existing code base. The tiny size makes it ideal for mobile development.

Epitome – it is a MVC framework developed exclusively for MooTools.

rAppid.js – some of the classics cannot be forgotten. This framework lets you encase complexity into specific components that can be used like HTML elements.

Conclusion

It is quite evident that MVCs are here to stay and dominate the world of JavaScript. MVCs are the strongest representations of how an established technology will find its way out to ensure user friendliness without compromising on what made the technology awesome in the first place!

SEO For React

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is a process of structuring and organizing your website to bring a better quality and quantity of traffic to your website by ranking higher in the search engine results, focusing on the specific keywords related to your business. The main aim of performing the SEO process is to gain more visibility on the internet and drive more traffic to your website.

Search engines today rely on crawling the content that is put on your websites. Since this process is automated, it is extremely important that the content is structured and formatted in a manner that is understandable by machines. The SEO process involves optimizing the website performance and also curating the content to provide hints to the search engine crawlers to easily understand your website.

This may sound fairly straightforward, but for websites built on React, this may not always be the case. Let’s have a look at the reasons why.

Challenges with SEO for React Websites

a. The use of React-based Single Page Applications

Since the start of the World Wide Web, websites worked in such a way that the browser needed to request each page completely. To simplify the server generates HTML and sends it back on every request. Even if the next page has a lot of the same elements (menu, sidebar, footer, …), the browser will still ask for the entire new page and re-render everything from the ground up. This causes a redundant information flow and additional stress on the server that needs to fully render each page instead of supplying only the required information.

With the advancement in technologies, the requirement for faster loading times increased. To resolve the issue with the full page loading time, developer communities came up with JS-based Single Page Applications or SPA. These websites do not reload the whole content on the website, instead, they refresh only the content that differs from the current page. Such an application improves the performance of the website drastically as the amount of data being transacted is reduced. One good example of technology that can be used to create SPAs is ReactJS, which is as well optimizing the way the content is rendered on the user’s browser (more about this here).

b. Main SEO issues with SPA

Although SPAs improves the website performance to a considerable extent, there are certain inherent issues in this type of setup when it comes to SEO.

Lack of dynamic SEO tags

An SPA loads the data dynamically in selected segments of the web page. Hence, when a crawler tries to click a particular link, it is not able to detect the complete page load cycle. The metadata of the page which is in place for the Search engine does not get refreshed. As a result, your single page app cannot be seen by the search engine crawler and will be indexed as an empty page, which is not good for SEO purposes.

Programmers can solve this problem by creating separate pages (more often HTML pages) for the search bots, and at the same time work with the Webmaster to discuss how to get the corresponding content indexed. However, this will increase the business expenses owing to the cost of developing additional pages and also make it difficult to rank websites higher on the search engines.

Search Engines may or may not run your JavaScript

Every Single Page Application relies on JavaScript for dynamic loading of the content in different modules of a webpage. A search engine crawler or bot might avoid executing JavaScript. It directly fetches the content that is available without allowing JavaScript to run and index your website based on this content.

Google made an announcement in October 2015 mentioning that they would crawl the JS and CSS on websites as long as they allow the crawlers to access them. This announcement sounds positive but it is risky. Although Google crawlers are smarter today and they allow execution of Javascript, one cannot decide solely based on a single search engine. There are other crawlers like Yahoo, Bing, and Baidu which see these sites without JavaScript as blank pages. To resolve this, one needs to create a workaround to render the content server-side to give the crawlers something to read.

Solutions for SEO of React-based SPA websites

There are 2 major ways to resolve the SEO issues being faced in the React-based SPA websites.

1. Isomorphic React

2. Prerendering

a. How does Isomorphic React help in SEO?

An Isomorphic Javascript technology based React website automatically detects if the JavaScript is disabled on the client side. In a scenario where JavaScript is disabled, Isomorphic JavaScript runs on the server-side and sends the final content to the client. In this manner, all the necessary attributes & content are available when the page loads. However, if JavaScript is enabled, it performs as a dynamic application with multiple components. This provides faster loading than traditional websites, a wider compatibility for older browsers and different crawlers, smoother user experience and the features of Single Page Application as well.

The secret to creating an impeccable front-end

Today, there is a lot of hue and cry over which technology is the best. There are people rooting for different kinds of scripts and there are developers working day and night to improve upon what is usually considered the best technology to create an app.

However, a lot of businesses, companies and even c-level executives fail to understand the importance and rather, the vitality of user experience and more specifically, the front-end.

Businesses will have to understand that even if the most dynamic, flexible and versatile programming language is used to create the back-end or the under-the-hood features of any application, all these efforts might be rendered futile if not for an interactive, intuitive, and an interesting user interface. Front-end plays a very major role in making or destroying the success of an app.

Designing the front-end that meets the requirements of the user and stands in line with the brand philosophy of the business is quite a difficult confluence to achieve. However, there are a few best practices that can be Inc to ensure that your front end design does not miserably fail. Front-end development companies should take note of these tips and tricks to ensure that they do not compromise in delivering the best front-end design to their clients.

Nothing beats design apps for design

It is to be remembered that when you create a design for a front-end from scratch it should be the creativity that rules and not the code. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you start designing with usual designing applications like Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator. Designing software helps you get it in detail without compromising on the limitations offered by the code. Also, there are chances that the expertise in code might be available somewhere else but the understanding of design might not be. Therefore, it is better to have your design in .PSD. This will also give you enough room to make minor changes that can redefine your design and user experience.

Catch up with the design

The main aim of front-end design is to ensure that everything falls in place and everything together speaks the common brand language. There might be an impressive element that would look extremely eye-catching on a standalone basis. However, it might not fit into the color schemes and the general tone of the other elements involved in the design. Therefore, it is important for you to understand that it is never about elements but about an ecosystem.

Understand the typography

Something as simple as a font makes all the difference in the design. Designers spent quite a lot of time in understanding the fonts, the psychology the emotions it evokes, and the way it connects with users, above everything the way in which it fits with the brand philosophy.

Although it might seem trivial, it is strongly suggested that you spend a lot of time understanding the fact that will go along with your front end. Also, it is important to ensure that while the fonts do not look out of place, it would be good for the funds to look similar but not congruent.

Avoid tunnel vision

Maybe minimalism might be an accepted school of thinking in a lot of ways but it doesn’t essentially with respect to design all the time. It is better not to confine your focus to a single detail. It is rather recommended that you make the focal aspect stand out from the rest of the crowd.

Always think about design as a user-facing aspect than thinking about it as a skill-set of your own. Taking a screenshot of the app or web interface and then designing the elements in accordance with what the user sees would be a good idea to ensure that all the elements involved fall in place!


Define the hierarchy

Just like a human being, it is important to understand the relationships between the elements involved in the grand scheme of design. For a user, it’s just about the app going with their intuitive flow. The front-end designer has the responsibility to understand the psychology of the user and play along, so the users not only find it easy to use the app but also enjoyable.

Tinder is a great example of how a simple novelty in the UI in line with intuitiveness can go a long way. How exciting it is to ‘swipe’ right or left rather than ‘click’ on accept or reject?

Understand white spaces and negative spaces

When it comes to design, there are always spaces where you do nothing but they do convey something – in fact, a lot! It would be a good practice to take care of the white spaces an the negative spaces. It is good to give a declutters and defined look to your app. At the same time, your app shouldn’t be so ‘decluttered’ that it feels empty.

Also, negative spaces can be effectively used to convey a hidden or direct information. The logo of Yoga Australia is an amazing example of how negative spaces can work wonders.

Conclusion

In the words fo Neil Armstrong, it might be one small download for a user but one giant endeavour for the designer. Front-end app development companies need to ensure that all the aspects of design are perfectly understood, so it doesn’t only delight their client, but also the clients of their clients!

What Makes One-Page Applications Fantastic?

One-page applications sound similar to one-day matches in the context of cricket. As opposed to the classical text matches, these matches are designed to deliver a better experience and a better quotient of thrill. That is almost the case with single-page applications.

Defining Single-Page Applications

Single page apps, as the name implies, are the apps that have nothing more than one page. However, that doesn’t mean that it compromises the information provided to the user. In fact, single page apps or SPAs as they’re commonly abbreviated, are designed to deliver better experiences to end-users than the classic multi-page apps.

Angular JS – It made SPAs possible

AngularJS is yet another manifestation of Javascript but unlike its predecessors, it brought about a great innovation. AngularJS reduced the dependency on the server for generating dynamic contents. This meant that a user at the end could see information on the app based on their actions. However, all these happened whiteout any intervention or interaction with the back-end.

This makes AngularJS a bliss for front-end development companies to create impeccable web-apps. AngularJS ensured that it erased the prominent line that demarcated the front-end and back-end territories.

What Does It Mean For Businesses?

AngularJS development companies bring in a lot of tech in ensuring that the SPAs do not compromise on user-experience. The client-side rendering is programmed in such a way that all the elements that need to change according to the interactions of the user are pre-programmed.

Businesses can capitalize on the user-delight generated by the interactiveness. The little elements of interactiveness and intuitiveness go a long way in getting your app famous, and even viral in the right communities. Simple apps like the close button evading a mouse-click by being repelled by a cursor can evoke a lot of social sharing,

On the search engine optimization front, single-page apps bring a lot of advantages. If the static part of the contents are keyword-rich, SPAs mean that more time is spent on the site, and that the bounce-rates are low – stats that are favored by search engines like Google, Bing and Yandex.

It might be surprising ti know that AngularJS as a platform was co-created by Google, and to this day, Google offers continuous support. Although there might be SEO experts who argue that AngularJS isn’t Google-friendly, there are two things that need to be taken into consideration. One is that the AngularJS development companies need to understand that even the static content can be made keyword-rich. In addition to that, they also need to understand that Google is continuously improving the way in which AngularJS pages are being indexed.

The future surely looks promising on the search marketing front for AngularJS pages and apps.

Another advantage brought about by SPAs for businesses is that it is extremely mobile-friendly. It means that businesses don’t have to invest a separate amount in creating a mobile website or app.

What does it mean for the user?

With all these advantages, if it doesn’t translate into better experience for the user, all these glories are bound to fall flat. Fortunately, it’s not the case for single-page apps. They present a lot of delights for the user.

First of everything, the user doesn’t have to go through the hassle of navigating between pages. They can be comfortable with all the essential information about the app being given in a single page. This comes in as a great bliss in areas where the mobile internet speed is relatively low – the users don’t have to keep loading page after page, but at the same time, they aren’t compromising on the personalization.

Conclusion

No innovation will continuously be embraced unless it delights the end-user. Single Page Applications have surely passed this litmus test, and are here to stay. AngularJS development companies now have a responsibility to constructively exploit the features of AngularJS and create stunning SPAs!

Angular JS vs Ember JS

The tech industry is always about competition and comparison. From the simple applications to the most complex ones there is always some competition. Front development is not an exception. We know for a fact that the field is not like what it was. Front developers are having different approach in the development process. The emergence of different JavaScript frameworks has been a benefit to many because of the options front end developers have. Different framework can be opted for different requirement. The comparison between two frameworks has been there for a considerable period of time. It is not just about the performance of that particular framework. It also depends on the developer who is using it to build applications.

If you are someone who is in the field of front end development there are good possibilities that you might have come across the comparison between Ember JS and Angular JS. Here are few information that will give a clear picture.

Ember JS

The initial name of Ember JS was SproutCore MVC framework. It helps programmers to build single page web apps. One of the notable aspects of Ember Js is that it fuses the conventional methods with the latest ones resulting in developing scalable applications. Ember JS hit the market on Nov 28, 2016. To integrate Ember model into development method and direct them into productivity development the command line interface utility and instance initializes are implemented by Ember JS. The routes are the core characteristics. It supports data binding to generate links between two properties. If there is a change in one property, there is an upgrade in the latest values in another property. The development model has HTML and CSS.

Angular JS

Angular JS is a open source JavaScript. It gained instant popularity and is being used by programmers all over the world. It was developed by Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons and was released in 2009. As of now it is being managed by Google. The latest version 1.4.3 is one of the most preferred for changing structural framework. The developers can extend the HTML syntax for formulating web application components without much hassle. `Angular JS, data binding reduces the codes that we need to write. As it falls inside the browser, it gives the upper hand to many developers. It has the option where it allows the developers to extend HTML lexicon for a web application. Comparing to most of the frameworks Angular JS is powerful, readable and it is saves a considerable time in the development process. Components like Apache Cordova aids in developing cross platform applications. It not just aids in the development process but also comes in handy to analyze and test the apps.

Usage

Angular JS

Even though Angular JS is known for developing single page web apps, other applications can also be developed. Features like two-way binding, templating, API handling, AJAX, RESTful and various other features play a key role in developing flexible apps.

Ember JS

Ember JS is synonymous with the Web core, it is also preferred product for desktop and mobile applications. One of the notable apps that was developed with Ember JS is the Apple Music. Some of the well known websites including Diccourse, Groupon, LinkedIn, Vine, Live Nation, Twitch TV, Nordstorm and Chipotle practice Ember JS.

MODULES

Angular JS
Angular JS supports modular approach. To separate services, controllers and applications modules are used. They are alos used to classify module.js files. There are specific modules to carry out separate specific functions. To initialize applications application module is used and to control module is used to establish a controller.

Ember JS

When it comes to Ember JS the core concept is very different from Angular JS. Their core concepts include Models, Templates, Router and Component. The templates provide engaging UI for the users. For loading data the router is used. It also displays the templates and states up an application state. There are separate components that manage the user interface operations.

LICENSES

Angular JS

Angular JS has obtained the license from MIT. This is something that many have no idea about. Even though from a development perspective, it does not have any change, it does have a considerable impact from a business perspective. There are few clients that demand some specific licensing.

Ember JS

Ember JS has its license from BSD-3-Clause. There are very few JavaScript frameworks that has license from BSD-3-Clause. It has its own set of advantages when compared to the rest of the JavaScript frameworks.

POPULARITY

Angular JS

Angular Js has a great reach among the developers. One of the reason why Angular JS is leading in many sectors in frontend development is because of it popularity. The initial popularity came when Google stated managing it. To add more credibility there are few world renowned web applications that are developed using Angular JS. Some of them include Youtube, Vevo, Freelancer, Istockphoto, Weather, Skystore and a lot more.

Ember JS

Comparing to Angular JS Ember JS is no way less. Even though Ember JS took a bit of extra time to position itself, there a lot of web  applications that comes user Ember JS. They are Apple Music, LinkedIn, TinderBox, Netflix, Groupon and a lot more.

ROUTING

Angular JS

For the configuration process Angular JS requires a controller or a template to its router. It can also be operated manfully.

Ember JS

Even though Ember JS has better routing, it is has its negative side to it. Routing in Ember JS is highly complex.