MVC frameworks can be implemented quickly and combined with manually-written code that introduces the all-important business logic (the stuff that determines the real-world business rules for such software).
The Model-View-Controller pattern helps developers organise their code in an uncluttered, approachable manner. The three elements can be very simply described as follows:
Model. This represents the underlying structure of data within an application.
View. The user interface – everything that can be seen and interacted with on screen.
Controller. This handles the input from any View element that is interacted with by the user and manipulates the Model accordingly.
By dividing any piece of software into the three interconnected parts above, developers can focus on each element independently while always being mindful of its effect on the other areas of the app.
A great framework for mobile and web app development, consisting of three widgets: UI Web (everything you need to build a modern website), UI Mobile (offers the ability to build mobile web apps that could be mistaken for native apps) and UI DataVis (enables developers to implement beautiful user-facing visualisation of data and reports).
2. Sencha Touch
3. jQuery Mobile
Originally released in 2011, Ember takes cues from Angular when it comes to the ability to create dynamic user-facing elements for web apps. Like Google’s framework, Ember can update the View when the Model changes and vice versa, keeping the mechanics of apps perfectly in sync.
Used by Pinterest, Walmart and Delicious, the Backbone framework is purposefully simple, easy to learn and light on its feet when it comes to deployment. Many developers love the ease with which Backbone.js can be slotted into any project.
A relatively young framework, Aurelia was originally released in January 2015 and can trace its roots back to AngularJS. It is notable for its vast collection of small libraries from which developers can pick and choose without having to implement the entire framework.
Another Google invention, the Polymer framework extends the capabilities of HTML code by using web components. It means that standard HTML5 elements can be customised (for example, <audio> could become <my-audio>).
All the responsiveness is governed by logic. The number of logical statements that need to be executed on the client side is directly proportional to the intensity of interaction on the web page. The volume of the code base grows larger and becomes increasingly difficult to maintain. To counter this, developers introduced model view controller or MVCs. These MVCs deliver a considerable increase in productivity and in the magnitude of ease in maintaining the code.
Backbone.js – it might not be as popular as its counterparts but it does provide models with the keyvalue binding and custom events. It also provides connections and connects it all to your existing API.
AngularJS – by a considerable distance, it is the most popular MVC. It is nothing more than a toolset based on augmenting the vocabulary of HTML for creating your web application.
Agility.js – this MVC helps developers right browser codes that are both maintainable and reusable. It does not involve infrastructural overheads found in other MVC libraries.
Spine – it is a lightweight framework which is beginner friendly with perfect documentation. This makes spine a favourite among novice developers.
Ember.js – this MVC provide templates written and attempted language called Handlebars. It can define the views, controllers, models and router.
Stapes.js – today, no technology can exist if it does not cater to mobiles. This is a tiny framework that aims to fit and integrate into an existing code base. The tiny size makes it ideal for mobile development.
Epitome – it is a MVC framework developed exclusively for MooTools.
rAppid.js – some of the classics cannot be forgotten. This framework lets you encase complexity into specific components that can be used like HTML elements.
Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is a process of structuring and organizing your website to bring a better quality and quantity of traffic to your website by ranking higher in the search engine results, focusing on the specific keywords related to your business. The main aim of performing the SEO process is to gain more visibility on the internet and drive more traffic to your website.
Search engines today rely on crawling the content that is put on your websites. Since this process is automated, it is extremely important that the content is structured and formatted in a manner that is understandable by machines. The SEO process involves optimizing the website performance and also curating the content to provide hints to the search engine crawlers to easily understand your website.
This may sound fairly straightforward, but for websites built on React, this may not always be the case. Let’s have a look at the reasons why.
Challenges with SEO for React Websites
a. The use of React-based Single Page Applications
Since the start of the World Wide Web, websites worked in such a way that the browser needed to request each page completely. To simplify the server generates HTML and sends it back on every request. Even if the next page has a lot of the same elements (menu, sidebar, footer, …), the browser will still ask for the entire new page and re-render everything from the ground up. This causes a redundant information flow and additional stress on the server that needs to fully render each page instead of supplying only the required information.
With the advancement in technologies, the requirement for faster loading times increased. To resolve the issue with the full page loading time, developer communities came up with JS-based Single Page Applications or SPA. These websites do not reload the whole content on the website, instead, they refresh only the content that differs from the current page. Such an application improves the performance of the website drastically as the amount of data being transacted is reduced. One good example of technology that can be used to create SPAs is ReactJS, which is as well optimizing the way the content is rendered on the user’s browser (more about this here).
b. Main SEO issues with SPA
Although SPAs improves the website performance to a considerable extent, there are certain inherent issues in this type of setup when it comes to SEO.
Lack of dynamic SEO tags
An SPA loads the data dynamically in selected segments of the web page. Hence, when a crawler tries to click a particular link, it is not able to detect the complete page load cycle. The metadata of the page which is in place for the Search engine does not get refreshed. As a result, your single page app cannot be seen by the search engine crawler and will be indexed as an empty page, which is not good for SEO purposes.
Programmers can solve this problem by creating separate pages (more often HTML pages) for the search bots, and at the same time work with the Webmaster to discuss how to get the corresponding content indexed. However, this will increase the business expenses owing to the cost of developing additional pages and also make it difficult to rank websites higher on the search engines.
Solutions for SEO of React-based SPA websites
There are 2 major ways to resolve the SEO issues being faced in the React-based SPA websites.
1. Isomorphic React
a. How does Isomorphic React help in SEO?
Today, there is a lot of hue and cry over which technology is the best. There are people rooting for different kinds of scripts and there are developers working day and night to improve upon what is usually considered the best technology to create an app.
However, a lot of businesses, companies and even c-level executives fail to understand the importance and rather, the vitality of user experience and more specifically, the front-end.
Businesses will have to understand that even if the most dynamic, flexible and versatile programming language is used to create the back-end or the under-the-hood features of any application, all these efforts might be rendered futile if not for an interactive, intuitive, and an interesting user interface. Front-end plays a very major role in making or destroying the success of an app.
Designing the front-end that meets the requirements of the user and stands in line with the brand philosophy of the business is quite a difficult confluence to achieve. However, there are a few best practices that can be Inc to ensure that your front end design does not miserably fail. Front-end development companies should take note of these tips and tricks to ensure that they do not compromise in delivering the best front-end design to their clients.
Nothing beats design apps for design
It is to be remembered that when you create a design for a front-end from scratch it should be the creativity that rules and not the code. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you start designing with usual designing applications like Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator. Designing software helps you get it in detail without compromising on the limitations offered by the code. Also, there are chances that the expertise in code might be available somewhere else but the understanding of design might not be. Therefore, it is better to have your design in .PSD. This will also give you enough room to make minor changes that can redefine your design and user experience.
Catch up with the design
The main aim of front-end design is to ensure that everything falls in place and everything together speaks the common brand language. There might be an impressive element that would look extremely eye-catching on a standalone basis. However, it might not fit into the color schemes and the general tone of the other elements involved in the design. Therefore, it is important for you to understand that it is never about elements but about an ecosystem.
Understand the typography
Something as simple as a font makes all the difference in the design. Designers spent quite a lot of time in understanding the fonts, the psychology the emotions it evokes, and the way it connects with users, above everything the way in which it fits with the brand philosophy.
Although it might seem trivial, it is strongly suggested that you spend a lot of time understanding the fact that will go along with your front end. Also, it is important to ensure that while the fonts do not look out of place, it would be good for the funds to look similar but not congruent.
Avoid tunnel vision
Maybe minimalism might be an accepted school of thinking in a lot of ways but it doesn’t essentially with respect to design all the time. It is better not to confine your focus to a single detail. It is rather recommended that you make the focal aspect stand out from the rest of the crowd.
Always think about design as a user-facing aspect than thinking about it as a skill-set of your own. Taking a screenshot of the app or web interface and then designing the elements in accordance with what the user sees would be a good idea to ensure that all the elements involved fall in place!
Define the hierarchy
Just like a human being, it is important to understand the relationships between the elements involved in the grand scheme of design. For a user, it’s just about the app going with their intuitive flow. The front-end designer has the responsibility to understand the psychology of the user and play along, so the users not only find it easy to use the app but also enjoyable.
Tinder is a great example of how a simple novelty in the UI in line with intuitiveness can go a long way. How exciting it is to ‘swipe’ right or left rather than ‘click’ on accept or reject?
Understand white spaces and negative spaces
When it comes to design, there are always spaces where you do nothing but they do convey something – in fact, a lot! It would be a good practice to take care of the white spaces an the negative spaces. It is good to give a declutters and defined look to your app. At the same time, your app shouldn’t be so ‘decluttered’ that it feels empty.
Also, negative spaces can be effectively used to convey a hidden or direct information. The logo of Yoga Australia is an amazing example of how negative spaces can work wonders.
In the words fo Neil Armstrong, it might be one small download for a user but one giant endeavour for the designer. Front-end app development companies need to ensure that all the aspects of design are perfectly understood, so it doesn’t only delight their client, but also the clients of their clients!
One-page applications sound similar to one-day matches in the context of cricket. As opposed to the classical text matches, these matches are designed to deliver a better experience and a better quotient of thrill. That is almost the case with single-page applications.
Defining Single-Page Applications
Single page apps, as the name implies, are the apps that have nothing more than one page. However, that doesn’t mean that it compromises the information provided to the user. In fact, single page apps or SPAs as they’re commonly abbreviated, are designed to deliver better experiences to end-users than the classic multi-page apps.
Angular JS – It made SPAs possible
This makes AngularJS a bliss for front-end development companies to create impeccable web-apps. AngularJS ensured that it erased the prominent line that demarcated the front-end and back-end territories.
What Does It Mean For Businesses?
AngularJS development companies bring in a lot of tech in ensuring that the SPAs do not compromise on user-experience. The client-side rendering is programmed in such a way that all the elements that need to change according to the interactions of the user are pre-programmed.
Businesses can capitalize on the user-delight generated by the interactiveness. The little elements of interactiveness and intuitiveness go a long way in getting your app famous, and even viral in the right communities. Simple apps like the close button evading a mouse-click by being repelled by a cursor can evoke a lot of social sharing,
On the search engine optimization front, single-page apps bring a lot of advantages. If the static part of the contents are keyword-rich, SPAs mean that more time is spent on the site, and that the bounce-rates are low – stats that are favored by search engines like Google, Bing and Yandex.
It might be surprising ti know that AngularJS as a platform was co-created by Google, and to this day, Google offers continuous support. Although there might be SEO experts who argue that AngularJS isn’t Google-friendly, there are two things that need to be taken into consideration. One is that the AngularJS development companies need to understand that even the static content can be made keyword-rich. In addition to that, they also need to understand that Google is continuously improving the way in which AngularJS pages are being indexed.
The future surely looks promising on the search marketing front for AngularJS pages and apps.
Another advantage brought about by SPAs for businesses is that it is extremely mobile-friendly. It means that businesses don’t have to invest a separate amount in creating a mobile website or app.
What does it mean for the user?
With all these advantages, if it doesn’t translate into better experience for the user, all these glories are bound to fall flat. Fortunately, it’s not the case for single-page apps. They present a lot of delights for the user.
First of everything, the user doesn’t have to go through the hassle of navigating between pages. They can be comfortable with all the essential information about the app being given in a single page. This comes in as a great bliss in areas where the mobile internet speed is relatively low – the users don’t have to keep loading page after page, but at the same time, they aren’t compromising on the personalization.
No innovation will continuously be embraced unless it delights the end-user. Single Page Applications have surely passed this litmus test, and are here to stay. AngularJS development companies now have a responsibility to constructively exploit the features of AngularJS and create stunning SPAs!
If you are someone who is in the field of front end development there are good possibilities that you might have come across the comparison between Ember JS and Angular JS. Here are few information that will give a clear picture.
The initial name of Ember JS was SproutCore MVC framework. It helps programmers to build single page web apps. One of the notable aspects of Ember Js is that it fuses the conventional methods with the latest ones resulting in developing scalable applications. Ember JS hit the market on Nov 28, 2016. To integrate Ember model into development method and direct them into productivity development the command line interface utility and instance initializes are implemented by Ember JS. The routes are the core characteristics. It supports data binding to generate links between two properties. If there is a change in one property, there is an upgrade in the latest values in another property. The development model has HTML and CSS.
Even though Angular JS is known for developing single page web apps, other applications can also be developed. Features like two-way binding, templating, API handling, AJAX, RESTful and various other features play a key role in developing flexible apps.
Ember JS is synonymous with the Web core, it is also preferred product for desktop and mobile applications. One of the notable apps that was developed with Ember JS is the Apple Music. Some of the well known websites including Diccourse, Groupon, LinkedIn, Vine, Live Nation, Twitch TV, Nordstorm and Chipotle practice Ember JS.
Angular JS supports modular approach. To separate services, controllers and applications modules are used. They are alos used to classify module.js files. There are specific modules to carry out separate specific functions. To initialize applications application module is used and to control module is used to establish a controller.
When it comes to Ember JS the core concept is very different from Angular JS. Their core concepts include Models, Templates, Router and Component. The templates provide engaging UI for the users. For loading data the router is used. It also displays the templates and states up an application state. There are separate components that manage the user interface operations.
Angular JS has obtained the license from MIT. This is something that many have no idea about. Even though from a development perspective, it does not have any change, it does have a considerable impact from a business perspective. There are few clients that demand some specific licensing.
Angular Js has a great reach among the developers. One of the reason why Angular JS is leading in many sectors in frontend development is because of it popularity. The initial popularity came when Google stated managing it. To add more credibility there are few world renowned web applications that are developed using Angular JS. Some of them include Youtube, Vevo, Freelancer, Istockphoto, Weather, Skystore and a lot more.
Comparing to Angular JS Ember JS is no way less. Even though Ember JS took a bit of extra time to position itself, there a lot of web applications that comes user Ember JS. They are Apple Music, LinkedIn, TinderBox, Netflix, Groupon and a lot more.
For the configuration process Angular JS requires a controller or a template to its router. It can also be operated manfully.
Even though Ember JS has better routing, it is has its negative side to it. Routing in Ember JS is highly complex.